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We want to help you understand your skin, so that you know what’s going on with it, what to put on it, and how to care for it. Sciency stuff that answers so many of your skin questions, written in a clear and simple way. Penned by our founder, Ee Ting Ng.

Focus & Fixes - Hyperpigmentation

23 January, 2018

Focus & Fixes - Hyperpigmentation

Last in this series but certainly not the least, is hyperpigmentation.

Types and causes of hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation exists as age/sun/liver spots, melasma or freckles. They result from excess melanin production due to sun exposure or hormonal changes (i.e. contraception or pregnancy).

We won't be covering post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (from scarring), but you can read about it here.

Daily routine focus


The following actives reduce hyperpigmentation by inhibiting melanin production or transfer. They work best in combination. Vitamins C and E also serve as protective antioxidants.

  • hydroquinione, arbutin - not recommended prolonged use
  • kojic acid, phytic acid, azelaic acid
  • vitamin C and derivatives
  • vitamin E and derivatives
  • vitamin A and derivatives
  • niacinamide (vitamin B3)
  • AHAs - glycolic acid, lactic acid

Sun protection

Limiting UV exposure is essential in preventing/fading hyperpigmentation, as UV stimulates melanin production. Ensure you're protected against both UVA and UVB.

Other tips

If the excess melanin sits deep in the dermis layer (e.g. melasma), more intensive treatments are required for its complete removal. Your dermatologist's supervision is necessary for results and safety.

  • Ablative and non-ablative lasers
  • Deep chemical peels

And that's a wrap! I hope you've picked up something useful in this series to help you reach your skin goal this year, whatever it may be. For more skin tips and chats, join us on instagram and facebook!